Mirny_Mine_Siberia
Mirny Mine Image: Zhivun

With explosions and massive machines scraping into the earth’s crust like a bad case of scabies, it’s small wonder open cast mining has made what many see as an unpleasant impact on the planet’s surface.

The face of the earth is beleaguered with giant scars, scoured out in our ongoing bid to the plunder the planet of its natural resources.

We’ve selected 10 of the holes most needing a bit of environmental ointment – where rehabilitation of the land could take some time.

 

10. Kalgoorlie Super Pit

Kalgoorlie_superpit_from_the_air
Image: Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines via ABC

Kalgoorlie Super Pit is what it says on the tin. Irishman Paddy Hannan first saw the glimmer of gold here back in 1893, and this gigantic pockmark in Western Australia is now its continent’s largest open cut gold mine at 3.5 km long, 1.5 km wide and 360 m deep. It’s huge.

And it’s growing. At least, that is, until 2017 when it is expected to cease being productive.

Threatening to devour the town: The Super Pit, Kalgoorlie
Kalgoorlie_superpit_from_above
Image: The Super Pit

While the Super Pit has the pull of a benign black hole for tourists into good hole-some fun, air pollution, water usage, noise and vibration issues and mining waste are all bones of contention for local residents.

Still, as well as coughing up almost 30 tonnes of gold each year, the pit provides work and silver for around 550 employees.

 

9. The Big Hole, South Africa

Kimberley_Big_Hole_South_Africa
Image: johnbullas

Another open pit whose name leaves little to the imagination, the Big Hole in Kimberly, South Africa, is said to be the largest hole excavated by hand – despite recent claims that the nearby Jagersfontein Mine holds the some might say dubious title.

While it was closed in 1914, during its 43-year lifetime, the 50,000 workers who broke their backs using picks and shovels shifted 22.5 million tonnes of earth, yielding almost 3 tonnes of diamonds for their jolly bosses, the de Beer brothers.

Water-filled earth wound: The Big Hole, Kimberley
Open-pit_diamond_mine_known_as_the_Big_Hole_or_Kimberley_Mine
Image: Irene2005

The Big Hole is 463 metres wide and was dug to a depth of 240 m – though infilling and water-accumulation have left just 175 m of the hole visible.

It’s now a show mine complete with a restored old town. Quaint.

 

8. Diavik Diamond Mine

Diavik_Diamond_Mine_from_the_air
Image: johnbullas

Diavik Diamond Mine is located in Canada’s charmingly named North Slave Region – hopefully no reflection on the way the 700 workers here are treated.

This is an open cast mine like no other. Gouged into a 20 square km island, 220 km from the Arctic Circle, there are particularly jaw-dropping views of this cold spot when the surrounding waters freeze over.

Snow hole: The Diavik Mine encircled by ice
Diavik_Mine_Canada_2
Image: johnbullas

Connected by a treacherous ice road, this remote mine takes some getting to and so even has its own airport big enough to accommodate Boeing 747s.

With a lifespan of 16 to 22 years, the owners will be happy as long as this yawning hole continues to throw up 8 million carats (1600 kg) of diamonds a year.

 

7. Ekati Diamond Mine, Canada

Ekati_Diamond_Mine,_Canada
Image: All About Rocks

Another giant crater in the grizzled face of Canada, the Ekati Diamond Mine is North America’s first commercial diamond mine – having opened in 1998 – and those still dazzled by diamond rush fever no doubt hope it won’t be the last.

It’s actually only a stone’s throw from the Diavic Mine just 20 km closer to the Arctic Circle – ensuring things here stay colder than a penguin’s pecker.

Iced up: The Ekati Mine in freezing winter temperatures
Ekati_Diamond_Mine_Panda_Pit
Image: whutch1 via Weather Underground

Like its brethren blemish in Diavic, the Ekati Mine is accessed by hair-raising ice roads and got its 15 minutes of fame on The History Channel’s Ice Road Truckers programme. Darned crazy canucks?

Driven mad perhaps by the 40 million plus carats (8,000 kg) of diamonds the steady scouring has so far produced.

 

6. Grasberg Mine, Indonesia

Grasberg_mine_Pit
Image: Alfindra Primaldhi

Opened in 1973, Indonesia’s Grasberg Mine is the world’s biggest gold mine and third largest copper mine.

This industrial eyesore in the mountains of Papua employs a staggering 19,500 workers but is majority owned by smiling US subsidiaries.

Built with permission it was not really the Indonesian government’s to give, the mine was attacked by the rebel Free Papua Movement in 1977.

Putting things in scale: Astronaut photo of the Grasberg Mine
Astronaut_photo_of_the_Grasberg_Mine_in_Papua_province,_Indonesia
Image: NASA

These days, steep aerial tramways ferry equipment and people in and out.

In 2006, the mine coughed up 610,800 tonnes of copper and 58 tonnes of gold, but it doesn’t take much digging to find environmental controversy surrounding the site, with water contamination and landslides heading the list of concerns. Contentious.

 

5. Chuquicamata, Chile

Vista_de_la_mina_de_chuquicamata
Image: Luiswtc73

Chuquicamata in Chile is a colossus of a mine that has churned up a record total of 29 million tonnes of copper.

Despite almost 100 years of intensive exploitation, it remains among the largest known copper resources, and its open pit is one of the biggest at a whopping great 4.3 km long, 3 km wide and over 850 m deep.

Strangely beautiful sight: Chuquicamata Mine from high in the air
Chuquicamata_copper_mine_chile
Image: Owen Cliffe

Copper has been mined for centuries at Chuquicamata, as shown by the 1898 discovery of a mummy dated around 550 AD found trapped in an ancient mine shaft by a cave-in.

A great influx of miners was sucked in by ‘Red Gold Fever’ after the War of the Pacific, when at one stage the area was covered with unruly mining camps where alcohol, gambling, prostitution and even murder were rife. Yee-haw.

 

4. Escondida, Chile

Esconida_Copper_Mine,_Chile
Image: Minera Escondida

The Minera Escondida Mining Co. runs twin open pit mines cut into the skin of the copper capital of the world that is Chile.

Construction began in 1990, and this sucker recently overtook Chuquicamata as the world’s largest annual copper producer, with its 2007 yield of 1.48 million tonnes worth US$ 10.12 billion – a whole lot of dollar.

Escondida from space: The mine is at the bottom of the picture
NASA_image_of_Escondida_Mine_in_Chile
Image: PD-USGOV-NASA

Environmental impact aside, Escondida has become a key part of the Chilean economy and employs some 2,951 people directly.

A strike in 2006 broke out because workers felt they were not sharing in the super high profits being made on the back of record copper prices.

After wrangling for pay demands, the union briefly blockaded the road to the mine. Testy stuff.

 

3. Udachnaya Diamond Mine, Russia

Udachnaya_pipe_mine
Image: Alexander Stepanov

Like the Sarlacc Pit on Steroids, the Udachnaya Mine in Russia is a gigantic open-pit diamond mine that plunges more than 600 metres into the earth’s crust. Yep, it’s one heck of a hole.

Located in Russia’s vast but sparsely populated Sakha Republic, just outside the Arctic circle, it seems that mining for these precious stones demands a good set of thermal undies.

Into the depths: The Udachnanyay Mine from its southern side
Udachnanyay_pipe,_southern_side,_view_at_deep
Image: Russian Author

The nearby settlement of Udachny was named after the diamond deposit, which was discovered in 1955 just days after the Mir (below).

The Udachnaya pipe is controlled by Alrosa, Russia's largest diamond company, which boasts that it plans to halt open-pit mining in favour of underground mining in 2010. Glad to hear it.

 

2. Mirny Diamond Mine, Russia

Mirny_Diamond_Mine,_Russia
Image: USMRA

Siberia’s Mir Diamond Mine comes close to taking the cake as numero holie.

The largest open diamond mine in the world, this Russian monster has a surface diameter of 1.2 km and is 525 m deep.

The size of the hole is such that wind currents inside cause a downdraft that has resulted in helicopters being sucked in and crashing.

Good to know the area above it is now a no-fly zone.

Earth vortex: The Mir looks as if it might suck in houses as well as helicopters
Mir_Diamond_Mine
Image: USMRA

After its discovery in 1955, workers at the Mir had to endure incredibly harsh temperatures that froze the ground and everything else in the winter, making car tires and steel shatter.

The mine ceased operations in 2001, having produced 10 million carats (2 tonnes) of diamond per year at its peak. Our survey says: ka-bling.

 

1. Bingham Canyon Mine, USA

Bingham_Canyon_Mine
Image: johnbullas

So here it is, the carbuncle supremo, Bingham Canyon Mine in Utah, the world’s biggest manmade pit.

This mammoth mine measures 4 km wide and drops a stomach-churning 1.2 km into the ground, the result of extraction begun in 1863.

The ore-inspiring fruits of its labour include more than 17 million tonnes of copper and 715 tonnes of gold – a mental load of metal.

 

The biggest yet: Bingham Canyon Mine laid bare
Bingham_Copper_Mine
Image: Elmhurst

In the early 1900s, mining camps lined the steep canyon walls, but several of these were swallowed up by the ever-expanding mine.

Now it employs 1,400 people and 50,000 tonnes of material are removed from it each day.

What’s more, this giant earth scar and National Historic Landmark is growing – and will continue to until at least 2013.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Main Source: http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com


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Date: 8 Dec 2009 | Author: mesmerX | Category: News, Pictures | Views: 162994

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Comments: 31

Guest
Beautiful!

joe
smile wink wassat tongue laughing sad angry crying

Guest
Lest I forget, though, outstanding photographic compilation and I thank you for it. Just lay off the Al Gore narrative and things will be a-okay ;)

Guest
Dude, who gives a shit.

There are millions of square miles of untapped land still. There are seven billion humans. We need resources.

The environment is not this beautiful, untouched masterpiece. Tens of thousands of species have died off with no human intervention. Nature isn't the victim and humanity isn't the perpetrator. You think with such simplistic Disney terms.

Guest
The premise of the article, that the earth can be wounded like an animal is flawed to begin with. Great pictures though. Thanks.

sam
thinking about, that can help to limit a tsunami problem.. subject of study / penser a en faire artificiellement la ou il y a risque de tsunami.. sujet d'étude...

sam
on doit penser à en faire artificiellement là où il y a risque de tsunami.. sujet d'étude...

Guest
Nice pictures, but very poorly written. Have someone proof read your work and correct it.

Guest
Minecraft!

Guest
Alright who divided by zero again!?

Guest
Perfect opportunity for earth friendly high density development. solar panels on cascading roofs with a small lake and waterside parks at the bottom. Might as well make the best of the situation.

Guest
Taking notice of what's going on with our planet is not whining. Maybe you should take your own advice. This isn't facebook. Grow up.

Guest
wassat wassat

Guest
tongue

Guest
The Earth is just fine, the people are f^@#ed!

Guest
You should see the piles of dirt from the bingham canyon mine! HUGE!

Guest
How tiresome. Where exactly do you think the copper for your electronics comes from, hmm? Do you personally know how to extract copper from the ground [i]without digging a big hole, or is it just that wagging your finger at people gives you a thrill?

Guest
nice!!!

Guest
dudes,
look at a penny in your hand.then look at how big the mine is. then think of how long it takes to walk a mile.
finally think about how big the moon is and how far away.
then shut up and quit your greenie weenie whining and governmental lobbying about issues that don't mean sh*t in the long run - children are the future, but how do build a future from the nothing ? Snivelling whiners looking for easy cheese, Shut the F*ck Up and do something useful.

Guest
IT LOOKS LIKE ANOTHER PLANET; ANOTHER CIVILISATION...

lilly
really wonderful

Neil Fiertel
The Diavik mines pay huge salaries and safe working conditions to its miners and technicians. The allusion to the North Slave region to the ignorant editor is the name given to it by the inhabitants whose name was Slave Aboriginal Nation and is not a pejorative. Further, all these diamond mines were once small mostly frozen lakes and when the diamonds are extracted they will return to being such though a lot deeper. Considering that it is irrelevant whether a frozen lake is deep or shallow, these are benign in all respects. The engineering here is brilliant. Further, the otherwise under employed northern peoples are learning to cut and polish the diamonds here in Canada and considering the other sources of diamonds from the blood spattered world of Africa I should suggest that this is good stewardship rather and not deserving of this sanctimonious crap.

Guest
ya trick yalaughing

Guest
really? me too...

Guest
i like putting things in my bottom

Guest
Actually, the deBeers were the farmers that were bought out by someone (whose name I can't remember) who fancied the diamonds under their farm. They never saw the wealth that came from the ground under their farm.

colin
we are all doomed man is evil

Guest
Valid and interesting commentary or opinion is always welcome. The same old, same old bullshit non sequiter comments are tiresome. Go somewhere else with them. These are amazing photographs of a damaged earth. Thanks for putting them out there.

Guest
crying poor earth

Guest
angry

Guest
crying

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